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Difference Between Watercolor and Ink Wash

Watercolor is a water based painting media, where water-soluble color inks are used. Modern watercolors are called aquarellum atramento. Watercolor is a popular painting method to produces beautiful artworks.
Watercolor paintings are very ancient, probably originating from Europe's Paleolithic Age. Its history as an artistic medium, on the other hand, stretches back to the Renaissance, almost at 15th century. Albrecht Dürer, a Northern German Renaissance painter known for his stunning watercolors of flowers, animals, and landscapes, is widely regarded as one of the founding fathers of watercolor painting. Hans Bol founded an influential watercolor painting school in Germany during the Dürer Renaissance.

On the other hand, Ink Wash also known as Indian Ink or shui mo hua (Chinese) is a type of painting media that uses black ink. One of its unique characteristics is the ability to change the ink grade by changing the pressure and position of the nib within a single brush stroke.
Artist Wang Wei introduced the method of ink painting during the Tang dynasty somewhere between 618 and 907 AD. It prospered during the Shang dynasty (960-1279), and mostly traded with Ancient India, and so it is also known as Indian Ink. Zen Buddhist Monks brought the technique to Japan around 1350. During the Muromachi period (1338-1573), ink painting reached its peak of popularity among Japanese artists and calligraphers. The oldest intact brush of the Warring States period (475221 BC) was found in the tomb of the citizens of Chu. The Shanghai School is well known for its modern and contemporary Chinese freehand ink wash painting, and the most representative artists are Wu Changshuo, Pu Hua, Wang Zhen, Qi Baishi, Huang Binhong etc.
Watercolor is composed of four major ingredients such as glycerin, bovine bile, honey, and preservatives. These ingredients is used to vary the viscosity, concealing power, stability, or color of the pigment carrier mixture; and evaporating water as a solvent used to reduce thickness of the paint before to application.

On the contrary, Indian Ink is the main contituent of ink painting, the ink is originally black in color. The Ink is water resistant but form colloidal solution on water, and with the water serving as a carrier solution for the color pigment. Color pigments used in ink paintings are produced from a mixture of solid substances, including rocks, metals, minerals, charcoal, and so on.
Watercolors are made up of pigments and binders that are water soluble. One of the most appealing features of watercolor is the ability to achieve transparency and shine in the painting by just adding layers. Although watercolor is based on water, the watercolor paintings can be made waterproof by using non-water-based varnishes and fixatives.

But, Even though the ink provides a less vibrant color, it is more durable and less likely to fade. You can use different colors of ink in your paintings to create colorful artwork. To make artworks more light and for better blending purposes Isopropyl Alcohol or Alcohol Blending Solution are also used. The Isopropyl Alcohol solution gives matte finish, and so to finish up with shine, Claro Extender is used. Similar to watercolors, the ink is applied in layers, but once it has dried, it becomes waterproof and cannot be blended.
The transparency of watercolor is one of its finest qualities. Using water-soluble pigments, watercolor paintings are regarded as a distinctive way to creatively express dreams, illusions, emotions, and happy feelings.

In opposition, The artist's sudden inspiration after viewing any beautiful scenery is represented in the Ink painting technique, which does not place a high value on a precise depiction of a real scene or object. As a result, it is difficult to copy or reproduce this type of painting. This painting often feature trees, flowers, landscapes, animals, birds and people.
Watercolor paper is the most common and traditional carrier medium (the surface on which the paint is applied) for watercolors. Papyrus, bark, plastic, parchment, leather, fabric, wood, and watercolor canvas (coated with gesso specially developed for watercolors) are some of the other supportive mediums for watercolor paintings.

Although, The best surfaces for ink painting are those that are water-resistant and don't tear when blending. Papers, ceramics, clay boards, ink stones, and other surfaces are commonly used for ink painting. Ink painting paper, such as Xuan paper, is widely used and popular because of its high tensile strength, smooth surface, pure and clean texture, and clean stroke, as well as its resistance to wrinkle, corrosion, moth, and mold.
Tube and pan watercolors are the two types of commercial watercolors available today. Because they are already blended with specific water elements, most paints offered now come in typical, collapsible metal tubes and have a viscosity comparable to toothpaste. This paste must be diluted with water before use. Pan paint comes in two sizes: entire pans and half pans.

Indian Ink is found as liquid form and sticks form same as charcoal stick. Like others types of paintings, the Ink Painting or Indian Ink Painting may faded due to the effect of environmental factors, but that can be resist by using sealant with UV protection, which helps to prevent the damage and keep paintings bright and colorful. By varying the density of the ink, ink paint techniques can achieve a variety of tones and shades.
When watercolor paint comes into contact with skin, it is generally considered safe. But, if you have sensitive skin or are allergic to certain chemicals, you may experience irritation or rashes. If this is the case, always read the ingredients before purchasing any watercolor paints. However, some of the binders used in watercolor are derived from the proteins and fats of animals, making some of them non vegan.

Yet, Whether Indian Ink is poisonous or not is a matter of debate. However, Indian Ink should never be used for tattooing or on the skin. Additionally, shellac binder is included in modern Indian ink pigments to provide water resistance. The fact that the shellac binder is an animal product leads us to the conclusion that contemporary Indian ink is not vegan-friendly, but that the traditional ink, which is made from soot.
Watercolor Painting, Origin and Ideas for ArtistsCredit to @pinakdey
Watercolor Painting
Indian Ink, Ink Painting Origin and Ideas for ArtistsCredit to @forid
Indian Ink Painting

Article Details

Publish Date: 12/12/2021
Related Tags: watercolor latex painting watercolor painting idea latex color painting indian ink indian ink painting ink painting ideas indian ink painting for beginner

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Most Asked Questions:

  • Q. How history is influenced by Watercolor Painting ?
  • Answer: Watercolour is a popular painting method to produces beautiful artworks. Watercolor paintings are very ancient, probably originating from Europe's @P....Read More

  • Q. What is used to make Watercolor Painting?
  • Answer: Watercolour paints are made up of four major ingredients such as glycerin, bovine bile, honey, and preservatives to vary the viscosity, concealing pow...Read More

  • Q. How is the popularity of Watercolor Painting among Artists ?
  • Answer: Watercolours are made up of pigments and binders that are water soluble. Watercolours can be used by artists to produce one-of-a-kind paintings that c...Learn More

  • Q. Explain the difference between Watercolor Painting and ink work ?
  • Answer: Ink Painting , also known as ink wash painting or shui mo hua (Chinese) or Indian ink pain......, On the other hand, Watercolour is a popular painting method.... Know More

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